FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
WHAT ARE BASIC METABOLIC PANEL TESTS?
A basic metabolic panel (BMP) test can show the current state of different substances levels in your blood. It provides your doctor important information on how your body's systems are working and how well your body is reacting to certain medications. BMP tests are typically used to check for medical conditions such as kidney disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
WHY GET AN BASIC METABOLIC PANEL TEST?
Basic metabolic panel (BMP) tests allow you doctor to get a broad assessment of your overall physical health and gather helpful information in face of health conditions such as:
- symptoms related to kidney and/or metabolism issues.
- general symptoms of fatigue or vomiting.
- chronic conditions that need monitoring (ex: high blood pressure or kidney disease).
- abnormal prior test results.
- new medication that can affect kidney function needs to be monitored.
DO I NEED TO FAST BEFORE THE BMP TEST?
Typically yes and most labs recommend fasting eight hours before drawing blood work for the basic metabolic panel. The reason behind this is that blood glucose levels - one of the seven tests in the panel used to screen for diabetes - needs to be measured fasting. While glucose should be below 100 mg/dL in non-diabetics, its levels can rise after eating and be as high as 140 mg/dL in people without diabetes. But don’t worry, your healthcare provider will give you specific instructions before they order the test for you.
ARE THERE ANY RISKS OF TAKING A BASIC METABOLIC PANEL TEST?
You can expect to feel some moderate pain or a mild pinching sensation while the blood is collected. After the needle is removed, you may feel a throbbing sensation and you’ll be instructed to apply pressure to the site to prevent any bleeding. For that same reason, a bandage will be applied and will need to remain in place for a few minutes. Additional risks are very rare, but can include lightheadedness, bruising where blood accumulates under the skin, infection and excessive bleeding for a long period after the test. All of which may indicate a more serious bleeding condition and should be reported to your doctor as soon as possible.