FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
WHAT IS BASIC METABOLIC PANEL (BMP)?
The basic metabolic panel test can tell your doctor about your body's proper functioning as well as the electrolyte and acid-base balance in your blood. It can also track your blood glucose levels and screen you for diabetes. It is frequently ordered as part of an annual wellness visit. Additionally, it can be used to keep track of the health of patients who are taking certain medications or have specific medical conditions. One straightforward blood sample can be used to produce all 8 indicators revealed in the panel.
WHICH INDICATORS ARE INCLUDED IN THE TEST?
The BMP panel includes the following indicators:
- Glucose - testing blood sugar levels is used to screen for diabetes or to monitor an existing condition in order to study the effectiveness of a treatment.
- Calcium - checking the mineral level helps to screen, diagnose, and even monitor a variety of conditions such as bones, heart, nerves, kidneys, symptoms of a parathyroid disorder, an overactive thyroid, and others.
- Chloride, carbon dioxide, potassium, and sodium - these are all electrolytes that support normal body processes, maintain healthy fluid levels in the body, and balance blood pH.
- BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and creatinine - these are waste products that the kidneys filter out of the blood.
ARE THERE ANY RISK ASSOCIATED WITH HAVING A BASIC METABOLIC PANEL (BMP) TEST?
A BMP test carries very little risk. When the needle is inserted into your arm, you may feel a mild pinch and experience some minor bleeding. Notify your healthcare provider right away if you have excessive bleeding or a large bruise on your arm.
HOW SHOULD I PREPARE FOR THIS TEST?
Your healthcare provider may instruct you to refrain from eating or drinking anything other than water for 6 to 8 hours before the test. Make sure your doctor is aware of all medications, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking. This includes over-the-counter medications as well as any illicit drugs you may use.